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Epi Notes

Useful Information

Epi Notes is published 2-4 times each year by the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Bureau of Disease Control. Issues contain articles on

  • epidemiology of reportable conditions;
  • surveillance and reporting of diseases/conditions, outbreaks, and events of public health significance;
  • prevention and treatment of disease;
  • and other topics of interest to DHEC’s disease reporting partners

The occasional “Ask Epi” column addresses frequently asked questions received in the Division of Acute Disease Epidemiology. “Epi Clips” present snapshots of data. Each winter, the Epi Notes reviews the changes in the SC DHEC List of Reportable Conditions. Each summer or early fall, the Epi Notes reviews changes in the School and Childcare Exclusion lists.

Epi Notes issues are emailed to disease reporting partners requesting to be in our subscriber database. To subscribe for email delivery of the Epi Notes, send a message to DADE-OC@dhec.sc.gov, and include “Epi Notes” in the subject line. PDF copies are also available from this website.

We welcome your questions and comments. Questions about Epi Notes articles may be addressed to the DHEC Bureau of Disease Control (803.898.0861) or emailed to DADE-OC@dhec.sc.gov.

Links to published issues for the Epi Notes back to Fall 2004, as well as links to individual articles, are found below.

Issues / Article Titles

Authors

Fall 2012, Volume 29, Issue 2

Upcoming Changes in the 2013 List of Reportable Conditions Michelle L. Myer, DNP, RN, APRN, CPNP;
Chasisity Brown Springs, PhD
Updates to the School and Childcare Exclusion Lists for the 2012-2013 Academic Year Michelle L. Myer, DNP, RN, APRN, CPNP
West Nile Virus Activity Increases in US and SC in 2012 DADE Staff, Bureau of Laboratories published reports
Epi Clips: Take Action to Prevent the Spread of Flu Viruses between People and Swine DADE staff
Epi Clips: Varicella Case Reporting (chart) DADE staff
Epi Clips: Outbreaks by the Numbers DADE staff

Winter 2012, Volume 29, Issue 1

Changes in the 2012 List of Reportable Conditions Michelle L. Myer, MSN, RN, APRN, CPNP;
Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Revised Requirement for Animal Bite Reporting Michelle L. Myer, MSN, RN, APRN, CPNP
Epi Clips: Outbreaks Investigated by SC DHEC, 2009-2010 – Etiologic Agents and Routes of Transmission Compiled

Fall 2011, Volume 28, Issue 2

Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in the Office Setting: Expanding the Role of Practicing Physicians in the Public-Private Disease Control Partnership Robert Ball, MD, MPH, FACP;
Eric R. Brenner, MD
*South Carolina Board of Medical Examiners PEP Policy for STDs
Update on CLABSI Reporting
(Central-Line Associated Blood Stream Infections)
Health Care Associated Infections Section, Division of Acute Disease Epidemiology
Web Resources to Bookmark (compiled from DHEC Website) Compiled
Epi Clips: Animal Rabies in SC—Testing and Reporting Compiled

2011 Issue 1 (Winter 2011), Vol. XXVIII, No. 1

Pertussis in Adolescents and Adults: Nothing to Cough At! Eugene M. Golding, Jr., MD, MPH
Changes in the List of Reportable Conditions for 2011 Kathleen Antonetti, MD;
Michelle L. Myer, MSN, RN, APRN, CPNP

Summer 2010, Vol. XXVII, No. 3

South Carolina 2009-2010 Influenza Season Surveillance Summary Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Changes in School and Childcare Exclusion Lists for the 2010-2011 School Year Michelle Myer, MSN, RN, APRN, CPNP
Update on Influenza: What You Need to Know for the Upcoming Season Kathleen Antonetti, MD
Ask Epi: Lyme Disease -- Long-term Therapy for Lyme Disease -- or Not? Eric R. Brenner, MD

Spring 2010, Vol. XXVII, No. 2: Special Antimicrobial Resistance Issue

Bad Bugs Including No ESKAPE -- Antimicrobial Resistance in Hospitals and Communities Continues to Challenge George Kotchmar, MD
Over-Prescribing of Antibiotics: Truly Not a Benign Practice Brandon Bookstaver, PharmD;
John Bosso, PharmD
SC Careful Antibiotic Use (SC CAUse): Resources for the Practicing Clinician Dixie Roberts, APRN, MPH

Winter 2010, Vol. XXVII, No. 1

Are you using 2009 H1N1 Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV) in your Practice? Riyadh Muhammad, MD, MPH
Ask Epi: Perspective on the Effectiveness of Influenza Vaccines Eric R. Brenner, MD
Changes in the 2010 List of Reportable Conditions: Influenza Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Changes to the SC List of Reportable Conditions for 2010 Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Syndromic Surveillance in South Carolina Himal Dhotre, MPH; Dan Drociuk, MT (ASCP)

Fall 2009-Supplement, Vol. XXVI, No. 6: Special Pandemic H1N1 Flu Issue

Perspectives on the Evolving H1N1 Influenza Pandemic Eric R. Brenner, MD
Thanksgiving Food Safety Julie Schlegel, MSP

Fall 2009, Vol. XXVI, No. 5

Brucellosis Stephanie Cox, DVM, MPH
Influenza Season Update Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Influenza Vaccination for 2009-10: Seasonal and Novel H1N1 Riyadh Muhammad, MD, MPH

Summer 2009, Vol. XXVI, No. 4

Changes in the 2009-2010 School and Childcare Exclusion Lists Michelle Myer, MSN, RN, APRN, CPNP
Hospital Infection Disclosure Act (HIDA) Update Amber Taylor, MPH
Influenza Season Update Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Rabies Vaccine and Rabies Immune Globulin Procurement Change Linda Bell, MD
Summer Food Safety: Safe Grilling Practices Julie Schlegel, MSP
Summertime Salmonella Julie Schlegel, MSP

Winter 2009, Vol. XXVI, No. 2

Ask Epi: Prevention and Treatment of Influenza during Pregnancy Eric R. Brenner, MD
Better, Faster, Smarter: Using CHESS for Reportable Conditions James "Jerry" Gibson, MD, MPH;
Denise Brown, MHA;
Lisa Still, BS
Changes in Reporting for Haemophilus influenzae for 2009 Marya Barker, MPH
Changes in the 2009 List of Reportable Conditions Julie Schlegel, MSP;
Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Changes in Varicella Reporting for 2009 Marya Barker, MPH
List of Reportable Conditions for Laboratories Marya Barker, MPH
Public Health Clinical Liaisons Roscia Hardee, RN, MPH
South Carolina 2008-2009 Influenza Season Surveillance Update Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Vibrio Spotlight Julie Schlegel, MSP

Fall (Back-to-School) 2008, Vol. XXVI, No. 1

2008 Recommendation of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Regarding Influenza Vaccine and Antiviral Agents Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Ask Epi: New Recommendations for Post-Exposure Prophylaxis for Hepatitis A Eric R. Brenner, MD
Back to School Appointments? Think MRSA! Michelle Myer, MSN, RN, APRN, CPNP
Back to School: Changes in the School and Childcare Exclusion Lists Michelle Myer, MSN, RN, APRN, CPNP
Outpatient Management Of Skin And Soft Tissue Infections In The Era Of Community-Associated MRSA (Algorithm)
South Carolina 2007-2008 Influenza Season Surveillance Update Chasisity Brown Springs, MSPH
Spotlight on Salmonella Julie Schlegel, MSP
Update on Salmonella Saintpaul Multistate Outbreak - South Carolina Perspective Julie Schlegel, MSP
Hospital Infection Disclosure Act (HIDA) Amber Taylor, MPH

Winter 2008, Vol. XXV, No. 12

Changes in the SC 2008 List of Reportable Conditions Libby Greene, MSN, APRN, BC
DHEC Adds Human Illness with Avian or Novel Influenza A as Reportable Condition Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
Electronic Disease Reporting Claire Youngblood, MA,
Lisa Still, BS
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Laboratory Tests) Wayne Duffus, MD, PhD
New List of Reportable Diseases for Laboratories Marya Barker, MPH,
Julie Schlegel, MSP
Polio Surveillance Update - Rationale for Maintaining Vigilance Both for (i) Poliomyelitis, Paralytic and (ii) Poliovirus Infection, Nonparalytic Eric R. Brenner, MD
Required Laboratory Reporting of Bloodstream Infections Caused by MRSA Shirley Jankelevich, MD;
Dixie Roberts, RN, MPH
Syndromic Surveillance in South Carolina Daniel Drociuk, MT (ASCP);
Himal Dhotre, MPH

Fall 2007, Vol. XXV, No. 11

Ask Epi: Infectious Disease Information Eric R. Brenner, MD
Help DHEC Identify the Circulating Strains for Influenza Virus in South Carolina Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
Help DHEC Measure Influenza Burden in South Carolina Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
Neisseria gonorrhea Antimicrobial Resistance: Important Considerations for the Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Infections Wayne Duffus, MD, PhD
Public Health Clinical Liaisons: Assisting South Carolina Medical Practices with Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Roscia Hardee, RN, MPH
Rabies and World Rabies Day Kira Christian, DVM, MPH
ReachSC and South Carolina Health Alert Network Shana Dorsey, BS, BA
Surveillance for Botulism in South Carolina Dan Drociuk, MT (ASCP)

Summer 2007, Vol. XXV, No. 10

2005 Annual Report on Notifiable Conditions in South Carolina Libby Greene, MSN, APRN, BC
Acute Retroviral Syndrome Wayne Duffus, MD, PhD
CDC Annual Report "Annual assessment of Progress Towards Goals to Prevent Perinatal HBV Transmission" Elona Rhame, RN, MSN, MPH
Changes in the School and Child Care Exclusion Lists for the 2007-2008 School Year Michelle Myer, MSN, RN, CPNP
Leptospirosis Kira Christian, DVM, MPH
Merck Vaccine Patient Assistance Program - What you need to know Jesse Greene, MSN, RN

Spring 2007, Vol. XXV, No. 9b

Brucellosis Marcia Headrick, DVM, MPH, DACVPM, FACE
HPV Disease in the United States and South Carolina and the HPV Vaccine Shirley Jankelevich, MD
Laboratory Testing of Shiga-Toxin Producing Escherichia coli Jennifer Meredith, PhD
Norovirus Julie Schlegel, MSP;
Libby Greene, MSN, APRN, BC
Preventing Illnesses and Injuries associated with Animal Contact Settings Marcia Headrick, DVM, MPH, DACVPM, FACE

Winter 2007, Vol. XXV, No. 9a

Changes in HIV Test Reporting Lynda Kettinger, MPH
Changes in the SC 2007 List of Reportable Conditions Libby Greene, MSN, APRN, BC
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Shirley Jankelevich, MD
How to Report Cases of Botulism Julie Schlegel, MSP
Important Dates When Reporting Diseases Amy Belflower, MSPH
New Reporting Guidelines for Toxins Amy Belflower, MSPH
Revised Cholera and Other Vibrio Illness Reporting Requirement Julie Schlegel, MSP
Revised E. Coli Reporting Requirement Julie Schlegel, MSP
Seasonal Influenza Surveillance and Reporting 2006-07 Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
Update for Reporting Meningococcal Disease Dixie Roberts, MPH, APRN

Fall 2006, Vol. XXV, No. 8

ACIP Recommendations for New Rotavirus Vaccine Elona Rhame, RN, MSN, MPH
CHESS Hospital Deployment Claire Youngblood, MA
Cryptosporidiosis: Is a Change in Test Methodology Identifying More Cases? Dan Drociuk, MT;
Robert Ball, MD, MPH
Mumps Shirley Jankelevich, MD
Rabies Update Mary Helen Niemeyer, MD
South Carolina Immunization Registry Rodney Saylor;
Elona Rhame, RN, MSN, MPH
The South Carolina Health Alert Network Shana Dorsey;
Dan Drociuk, MT

Summer 2006, Vol. XXV, No. 7: Influenza Special Issue

Avian Influenza in Birds Julie Helm, DVM, ACPV
Immunization Update: Influenza Vaccination for Health-care Personnel Rebecca Morrison, MSN, CS-FNP
Pandemic Influenza [Overview] G. T. "Tom" Fabian, MD, MPH
Pandemic Influenza Planning: On Your doorstep! Julie Lumpkin, MSPH
Preparing for a Pandemic: The Psychosocial challenges Robert Carlton, MSW, LMSW
Prevention and Control of Influenza for 2006: New and Updated Recommendations Rebecca Morrison, MSN, CS-FNP
S.C. Human Pandemic Influenza Monitoring Systems Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
SC DHEC Media Relations [What do you do to prevent the flu?] Jim Beasley
Teleconference: "Influenza Update for Physician Office Laboratories: September 26, 2006 from 1-2 PM ET
Updated Interim Guidance for Laboratory Testing of Persons with Suspected Infection with Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus in the United States [From Health Alert Network]

Spring 2006, Vol. XXV, No. 6

Avian Influenza Marcia Headrick, DVM, MPH, DACVPM, FACE
Ciguatera Fish Poisoning from Fish Caught off the Coast of South Carolina Mary Anne Wenck, DVM, MPH,
Charles Moore
Immunization Requirements for Child Day Care Facilities and Schools Jesse Greene, MSN, RN
New Hepatitis B Immunization Recommendations from the ACIP Libby Greene, MSN, APRN, BC;
Elona Rhame, MSN, MPH, RN
School and Childcare Exclusion Lists Michelle Myer, MSN, RN, CPNP
South Carolina Needs More Participation in the Sentinel Influenza Surveillance Providers Network Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
Time to Order Influenza Vaccine for the 2006-07 Season Linda Kelly;
Jesse Greene, MSN, RN
Varicella Disease - A Review and an Update on New Recommendations for Vaccination Shirley Jankelevich, MD
West Nile Virus in the 2006-07 Season Lena Bretous, MD, MPH

Winter 2006, Volume XXV, No. 5

Addition of Yersiniosis to the 2006 List of Reportable Conditions Marcia Headrick, DVM, MPH, DACVPM, FACE
Ask Epi: Post-Exposure Prophylaxis after Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis [Pertussis, Rabies, Hepatitis A] Eric R. Brenner, MD
Change in Reporting Antibiotic Resistant Organisms [VRE, Strep pneumoniae] Dixie Roberts, MPH, RN
Changes in the SC 2006 List of Reportable Conditions Libby Greene, MSN, APRN, BC
"Get the Point" Program Margie Davis
Removal of Laboratory Reported HTLV-I and HTLV-II Infections from the 2006 South Carolina List of Reportable Conditions Daniel Drociuk, MT (ASCP)

Fall 2005, Volume XXV, No. 4

Antiviral Drugs for Prophylaxis and Treatment of Influenza Shirley Jankelevich, MD
Human Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Infection Associated with Rodents Marcia Headrick, DVM, MPH, DACVPM, FACE
Immunization Update: General, Influenza, Meningococcal Jesse Greene, MSN, RN
Pertussis Deaths in Infants Shirley Jankelevich, MD
Preventing Illnesses and Injuries associated with Animal Contact Settings Marcia Headrick, DVM, MPH, DACVPM, FACE
PulseNet Julie Schlegel, MSP
Reporting of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Invasive Disease Amy Belflower, MSPH
Revised School and Childcare Exclusion Lists Michelle Myer, MSN, RN, CPNP
South Carolina Influenza Surveillance 2005-06 Season Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
The Overwhelming Challenge of Community Associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) George Kotchmar, MD, FAAP;
Shirley Jankelevich, MD;
Dixie Roberts, MPH, RN
To PPD or Not to PPD -- An Issue Revisited on the Utility of Tuberculin skin Tests for Low Risk Persons Rick Ervin, MD;
JoAnn Palmer, BA;
Eric R. Brenner, MD
Update on Tuberculosis in South Carolina Eric R. Brenner, MD;
Rick Ervin, MD

Winter 2005, Volume XXV, No. 3

Ask Epi: TB Skin Testing after BCG Eric R. Brenner, MD
Change in Rapid Influenza Test Surveillance (for 2005) Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
Changes in the SC 2005 List of Reportable Conditions and Why Disease Reporting is Important! Dixie Roberts, MPH, RN
Got Shigella? A Community Responds Fran Hall, RN, BSN;
Stacy Holley, RN, BSN
Pediatric Influenza-related Deaths Surveillance Lena Bretous, MD, MPH
Revised Listeriosis Reporting Requirement Julie Schlegel, MSP
Surveillance for Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) will begin in SC in 2005 Shirley Jankelevich, MD
Surveillance of Aseptic Meningitis Shirley Jankelevich, MD

June 2004, Volume XXV, No. 2

Ask Epi: IgM False Positives Eric R. Brenner, MD
Ask Epi: IgM in Febrile Rash Illness Eric R. Brenner, MD
Enhanced Surveillance for Chlamydia in Women-South Carolina, 1998-2002 Wayne Duffus, MD, PhD
Table: Clinical Symptoms, Food-Related Agents to Consider
Update on Foodborne Illness in S.C. Julie Schlegel, MSP
West Nile Virus – 2003 Summary and the Upcoming Season Lena Bretous, MD, MPH

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