As of May 27, 2016 there is one confirmed travel-associated case of Zika virus in South Carolina.
In response to an outbreak of Zika virus in South America, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued travel advisories for anyone traveling to areas where the virus is common. The advisory is particularly important for women who are pregnant, as the outbreak has led to reports of pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes. U.S. cases have been reported in travelers who have visited areas where Zika virus is common.
Zika virus is primarily spread to people through the bite of some Aedes mosquitoes. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth. Spread of the virus through blood transfusion and sexual contact have been reported.
About 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus become ill (i.e., develop Zika). Symptoms can start about 3 to 7 days after being bitten by a mosquito carrying Zika virus. Common symptoms include fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). The first symptom is usually fever which may be associated with a rash. The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. Severe illness is uncommon.
Precautions to avoid mosquito bites can help to prevent Zika virus infection where transmission is occurring as well as all mosquito-borne illnesses. Avoid mosquito bites by taking the following precautions:
Sexual transmission of Zika virus from a male partner is possible, although mosquito bites remain the primary way that Zika virus is transmitted. Due to concerns about possible sexual transmission of Zika virus during pregnancy, CDC has released the following recommendations to men who live in or have traveled to Zika affected areas: