Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity
Serving Sizes, Shopping Tips
Good nutrition is essential for proper growth and development, overall good health, and physical and mental wellness.
The consumption of too much fat and too few vegetables, fruits, and whole grain products have been found to increase
the risk of developing coronary heart disease, some types of cancer, stroke, and Type 2 diabetes. To reduce the risk
of early death due to diseases caused by poor diet, a daily intake of five to nine servings of vegetables is
recommended. In 2000, about 75% of South Carolinians were not eating enough fruits and vegetables. In addition,
about 28% had high blood pressure and over 59% were overweight or obese.
Do You Know?
The serving sizes for:
meat, poultry and seafood are 3 ounces. This is about the size of a deck of cards.
- pasta is 1/2 cup, or about the size of 1/2 a baseball.
- cheese is 1 1/2 ounce or the size of four dice.
How to take away 100 calories?
- Eat smaller portions.
- Leave a few bites on your plate.
- Choose water instead of a high calorie drink.
- Choose the regular size instead of the super size.
Take a Look at the Label Smart Shopping Tips
- Make a shopping list and stick to it. Planning ahead can help you to avoid buying foods on impulse, and keep to
- Start shopping at the outside aisles. Choose fresh fruits and vegetables, low fat milk products, lean meats,
poultry, fish and whole grain breads before shopping for convenience food items and snacks.
- Increase your fiber intake by purchasing foods with 5 grams or more of fiber per serving.
- Make every calorie count. A donut and a slice of whole grain wheat bread may have the same calories, but there
are more vitamins in whole grain wheat bread.
It All Adds Up—Read the Label
- The label information is based on a serving size of the food. This may be more or less than what you actually
- Try not to eat foods with saturated fats, trans fats and partially hydrogenated oils, or foods that are high in
cholesterol and sodium like fast foods, chips and other snack foods.
- Get LESS—If fat, sodium or cholesterol is less than 5% it is low, greater than 20% is too much.
- Get ENOUGH—If fiber, vitamins and minerals are less than 5% it is low, greater than 20% is high.
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This material was funded by USDA's Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program -- SNAP.
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