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About PRAMS

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) in 1987 in response to indications that the United States low birthweight and infant mortality rates were no longer declining as rapidly as in past years. In 1991, South Carolina (SC) PRAMS was implemented through a collaborative agreement between the CDC, the Office of Public Health Statistics and Information Services and the Bureau of Maternal and Child Health, SC Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC).

SC PRAMS is an ongoing, population-based survey that collects information on SC mothers who have recently given birth to a live-born infant. Each month approximately 200 women are sampled from the states live birth registry, and women who delivered a low birthweight infant are oversampled to ensure that adequate information is collected on high-risk groups. Selected mothers are mailed a PRAMS survey up to three times, and telephone interviewers attempt to reach the mothers who do not respond by mail. After statistical weights are applied to the data, inferences can be made about the health of mothers and babies in the state of SC.

The PRAMS survey provides state-specific data on maternal behaviors, attitudes, and experiences before, during, and shortly after pregnancy and delivery. Several topics on the survey include: pregnancy intention, smoking and alcohol use, psychosocial stress, family planning, barriers to health services, maternal nutrition, maternal obstetric history, infant health care, health insurance issues, income, and intendedness of pregnancy.

For additional information contact: Kristin Simpson (803)898-3215 simpsokw@dhec.sc.gov

PRAMS RESOURCES

INTERACTIVE DATA:
    SCAN PRAMS Module - Generate interactive tables and charts from the survey results of the SC PRAMS program data from 1993 to 2007
PRAMS DATA BOOKS:
  1. 2008 Databook (pdf)
  2. 2007 Databook (pdf)
  3. 2006 Databook (pdf)
  4. 2004-2005 Databook (pdf)
  5. 2002 Databook (pdf)

JOURNAL ARTICLES:
  1. Smith MG, Liu J, Helms KH, Wilkerson KL. Racial differences in trends and predictors of infant sleep positioning in South Carolina: 1996-2007. Maternal and Child Health Journal 2012; 16:72-82.
  2. CDC. Perceived Health Need and Receipt of Services During Pregnancy - Oklahoma and South Carolina, 2004-2007. MMWR 2010;59(23):710-714. (pdf)
  3. Liu J, Smith MG, Dobre MA, Ferguson JE. Maternal Obesity and Breast-feeding Practices Among White and Black Women. Obesity 2010;18(1):175-182
PUBLICATIONS:
  1. 2009 Infant Mortality Fact Sheet (pdf)
  2. 2011 Flu Issue Brief (pdf)
  3. Breastfeeding Initiation by WIC Status (December 2010) (pdf)
  4. Education During Prenatal Care (October 2010) (pdf)
  5. Racial Disparities in Pregnancy Planning Report (February 2010) (pdf)
  6. Teen Pregnancy Fact Sheet (November 2009) (pdf)
  7. Pregnancy Intendedness vs. Pregnancy Planning Report (August 2009) (pdf)
  8. Infant Bed Sharing Report (April 2009) (pdf)
  9. Sleep Position Report (September 2008) (pdf)
  10. Comparing Smoking from Birth Certificates and PRAMS (March 2008) (pdf)
  11. Sleep Position Fact Sheet (June 2008) (pdf)
  12. Postpartum Depression Symptoms (Dec. 2007) (pdf)
  13. Oral Health (April 2007) (pdf)
  14. Infant mortality (Spring 99) (pdf)
  15. Short inter-pregnancy intervals
    (Winter 99) (pdf)
  16. Unintended pregnancy
    (Winter 99) (pdf)
  17. Teen pregnancy(Fall 98) (pdf)
  18. Poverty (Summer98) (pdf)
  19. Pregnancy Summary (1993-98) (pdf)
  20. Stress factors (1997) (pdf)

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