At least 61 different species of mosquitoes exist in South Carolina. Worldwide, there are about 3,200 species of mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes are two-winged insects closely related to flies like gnats and no-see-ums. The name mosquito actually means “little fly.”
Only female mosquitoes bite. To get the nutrients they need to develop eggs, they feed on blood from humans and other animals. Mosquitoes find us through the carbon dioxide we breathe out, lactic acid and other components in our sweat, scents such as perfume, hair spray and deodorant, and dark-colored clothing. Some kinds of mosquitoes bite at any time of the day, especially in the shade, while others bite at dawn, dusk, twilight or night.
All mosquitoes hatch from eggs and the immature stages develop in water, but adult mosquitoes fly free on land.
Because mosquitoes in South Carolina may carry West Nile virus and eastern equine encephalitis, it’s important to control the mosquito population in our yards and communities, monitor for diseases carried by mosquitoes, and protect ourselves from mosquito bites