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What is composting?

Composting is a nature’s way of recycling. It’s a biological process in which microorganisms change leaves, grass, plant-based food scraps and other organic materials into a dark, crumbly, earthy-smelling  

Composting is the same process that decays leaves and other organic remains in nature, except that composting controls the conditions so that the materials decompose faster.

Compost is the end product of the decomposition of these materials. Added to soil, compost:

  • Increases the ability of air to circulate (aeration)
  • Increases water-holding capacity
  • Helps plants absorb nutrients.

By making your own compost pile in the backyard, you can reduce the amount of waste you send to the landfill.

The "Do Your Part: Compost at Home" fact sheet contains additional information.

Are you interested in composting at school? See "Composting: A Guide for South Carolina Schools."

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