We promote and protect the health of the public and the environment.
Section I. Definitions
A. Bathhouse--a permanent structure containing water closets, hand lavatories, showers, and other similar fixtures.
B. Camp--land and facilities of camp character intended to provide a temporary outdoor living experience for individuals or groups. For the purpose of this regulation, "camp" shall refer to Family Campground and Resident Camp.
C. Campsite--an individual space within a camp intended for the temporary placement of a recreational vehicle, tent or other similar camping shelter, and generally being provided with approved drinking water, toilet facilities and electrical service. Campsites are generally accessible to vehicles, and may be provided with sewer connections.
D. Department--the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control and its authorized representatives.
E. Family Campground--an organized camp in which campsites are provided for use by the general public or certain groups.
F. Permit--a written document issued by the Department authorizing a person to operate a camp pursuant to this regulation.
G. Person--any individual, firm, company, corporation, association, governmental entity, or similar organization.
H. Primitive Campground--land provided for temporary use by persons seeking a very basic or primitive outdoor experience, without amenities typically found in organized camps. Individual sites in primitive campgrounds are not provided with water under pressure nor electrical service.
I. Recreational Vehicle--a mobile vehicle used as a camping shelter.
J. Resident Camp--an organized camp in which one or more permanent buildings are provided as sleeping quarters. Resident Camps are typically operated for educational, recreational, religious, or health purposes.
K. Sewage--liquid and solid human body wastes and the liquids generated by water-using fixtures and appliances from any residence, place of business, or place of public assembly. For the purpose of this regulation, sewage shall not be construed to include industrial process wastewater.
Section II. Permitting Procedures
A. No person may operate a Family Campground or Resident Camp without a permit issued pursuant to this regulation. Camps constructed after the effective date of this regulation shall comply in full with the provisions applicable to the specific type of camp.
1. A permit is not required for primitive campgrounds. Primitive campgrounds must, however, comply with all other applicable regulations.
2. A permit is not required for developments where specific lots or sites are sold, rented, leased or otherwise granted to individuals for their exclusive, long-term use. Examples of such developments include private hunt camps, private fish camps, membership camps, etc. Such developments must, however, comply with all other applicable regulations.
B. Any person desiring to construct a new camp, or enlarge or significantly modify an existing camp, must first make written application for a permit on forms provided by the Department.
1. Each application must be accompanied by a complete plan of the proposed camp and/or modifications, drawn to scale and showing all pertinent features such as buildings, campsites, bathhouses, wells, water lines, sewer systems, onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems, sanitary dump stations, swimming areas, roads, utilities, etc.
2. After a plan for a new or an existing camp is determined by the Department to be acceptable, no changes in the plan may be implemented unless prior authorization is granted by the Department.
C. Persons applying for a permit to operate a camp must secure all other required approvals or permits in conjunction with the proposed camp. Such approvals or permits are typically associated with public sewer systems, public water systems, onsite sewage disposal systems, food service facilities, public swimming areas, local building and zoning compliances, etc.
D. Prior to final approval of an application for a permit to operate a camp, the Department shall inspect the camp to determine compliance with this regulation. If the inspection reveals that the camp is in compliance with this regulation, the Department shall issue a permit to operate the camp. Permits are not transferable.
E. The Department may conduct subsequent inspections of camps at reasonable times to determine compliance with the requirements of this regulation.
Section III. General
A. Camps shall be well drained to prevent flooding or ponding of surface water.
B. No permanent structure intended for occupancy within a camp shall be provided with water under pressure unless the structure is also provided with approved sewage disposal facilities.
C. All permanent structures used as sleeping quarters shall be kept clean and in good repair.
D. Linen, if provided by the camp, shall be changed at least once per week and with every new occupant. Mattress covers shall be cleaned as needed.
E. Food service facilities shall be constructed, maintained and operated in accordance with regulations established by the Department.
F. All swimming pools, natural swimming areas and other similar facilities operated in conjunction with camps shall comply with applicable laws and regulations.
G. Refuse shall be stored, collected, and disposed of in such manner as to not create a nuisance nor attract insects, rodents or other vectors.
H. Buildings shall be maintained in such manner as to prevent insect or rodent infestation.
I. Camps shall be maintained in such manner as to not create a safety hazard.
J. All electrical systems shall be installed in accordance with applicable codes and shall be maintained to prevent electrical hazards.
Section IV. Water Supply
Family Campgrounds and Resident Camps shall be provided with safe public drinking water systems. Such systems shall be sized, installed and maintained in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, ordinances and codes, and shall be protected from contamination.
Section V. Sewage Disposal
A. Sewage shall discharge into an approved public collection, treatment and disposal system, if available. Where the use of onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems is necessary, the systems shall be installed and operated in accordance with applicable regulations and standards of the Department.
B. Each campsite which serves recreational vehicles having self-contained toilet and/or bathing facilities must be provided either with an individual sewer riser, or with an approved sanitary dump station at a convenient location within the camp.
1. For those sites where sewer risers are provided, the risers must be part of an approved sewage collection system and be equipped with removable, tight-fitting covers.
2. If sewer risers are not provided, sanitary dump stations are required at the ratio of one dump station for each one hundred (100) sites or fraction thereof.
a. A dump station shall consist of one or more trapped four-inch sewer risers surrounded by a concrete apron having a diameter of at least two (2) feet, and sloped to the drain. Risers must be equipped with removable, tight-fitting covers.
b. Each dump station shall be equipped with an adequate water outlet for the washdown of the immediate area. The outlet shall be protected from back siphonage by a vacuum breaker installed at its highest point, or by other approved means.
c. A sign shall be placed near the water outlet indicating: THIS WATER FOR CLEANING PURPOSES ONLY.
Section VI. Toilet and Bathing Facilities
A. All Family Campgrounds and Resident Camps shall be provided with adequate toilet and bathing facilities.
B. In Family Campgrounds, toilet and bathing facilities shall be provided in approved bathhouses, except in camps where each campsite is furnished with an individual sewer riser, and each site is designated for use only by camping units equipped with self-contained toilet and bathing facilities.
1. Where bathhouses are required, no campsite shall be located more than five hundred (500) feet from an approved bathhouse.
2. The ratio of water closets, urinals, lavatories and showers in bathhouses shall be in compliance with applicable building and plumbing codes. In the absence of such codes, these fixtures shall be provided in the following ratios:
Number of Water Closets Urinals Lavatories Showers
Campsites Men Women Men Men Women Men Women
1-25 1 2 1 1 1 1 1
26-50 2 3 1 2 2 1 1
51-75 3 4 2 3 3 2 2
76-100 4 5 2 4 4 3 3
3. There shall be one (1) additional toilet and lavatory per sex for each additional 25 sites and one (1) additional shower per sex for each additional 40 sites.
C. Toilet and bathing facilities in Resident Camps shall be provided in buildings which also serve as sleeping quarters, or in approved bathhouses located no more than five hundred (500) feet from sleeping quarters. The ratio of water closets, urinals, lavatories and bathing facilities shall conform to applicable building and plumbing codes. In the absence of such codes, these fixtures shall be provided in the following ratios:
Water Closets Urinals Bathing
Men Women Men Lavatories Facilities
One for One for One for One for One for
each 15 each 12 each 25 each 15 each 15
persons persons males persons persons
up to 60-
the one for
D. Bathhouses and other toilet and bathing facilities shall be constructed of durable materials and shall be kept in good repair.
1. Floors, walls and ceilings shall be constructed of durable, easily cleanable materials and shall be kept clean and in good repair.
2. Adequate ventilation shall be provided to control odors and help prevent accumulations of condensation.
3. Adequate interior lighting shall be provided to facilitate cleaning operations.
4. Toilet tissue shall be provided at each toilet.
5. All showers and other bathing facilities shall be supplied with hot and cold water under pressure.
6. Hand lavatories, excluding those associated with food service operations, may be provided with cold water only.
Section VII. Supervision
A. The person to whom a permit to operate a camp is issued shall provide adequate supervision to maintain the camp in compliance with this regulation. If the permit holder resides outside the boundaries of the State of South Carolina, he shall assign a person who resides in or near the camp to supervise and assume responsibility for compliance with this regulation. The assignment shall be made in writing to the Department prior to the issuance of a permit or immediately upon appointing or changing the supervisor.
B. The permit holder shall provide the Department with the supervisor's acknowledgement and acceptance of the assignment. The supervisor shall certify in this acknowledgement and acceptance that he or she (1) has read and understands this regulation, (2) accepts responsibility for compliance with this regulation, and (3) agrees to be subject to sanctions that may be imposed as a consequence of any violations of this regulation for so long as he or she remains supervisor. Notwithstanding this acknowledgement and acceptance by the supervisor, however, the permit holder shall continue to be personally responsible for compliance with this regulation, and shall also be subject to sanctions as a consequence of any violations of this regulation in the operation and maintenance of the camp under the supervisor.
Section VIII. Suspension/Revocation of Permit
A. A permit shall be subject to suspension and revocation and to penalties, as provided in Section IX., for violation of this regulation. In determining whether a license should be suspended or revoked, the Department may consider such factors as the seriousness of a violation and whether a violation is a repeat of previous violations, among any other relevant factors. The interference by a permit holder or his employees with a representative of the Department in performing his duties with respect to this regulation shall constitute grounds for revocation of permit.
B. Any person whose permit is revoked shall not be eligible to apply for repermitting within one year from the date of revocation. Any person whose permit has been previously revoked and who obtains a subsequent permit and violates the provisions of this regulation, resulting in the revocation of a permit for the second time, shall not be granted another permit.
C. Prior to suspension or revocation, the Department shall provide written notification to the permittee, stating the basis for suspension or revocation, and advise the permittee of his or her rights of appeal according to law.
D. A permit may be summarily suspended by the Department pending a hearing, as herein provided, if the camp is operated in such a manner as to pose an immediate threat to public health. In the case of a summary suspension, the permittee shall be given a hearing as soon as possible after the Department receives a written request for a hearing.
Section IX. Penalties
Violations of this regulation shall be punishable in accordance with Sections 44-1-150, 48-1-320, and 48-1-330, of the 1976 Code of Laws of South Carolina, as amended.
Section X. Severability Clause
Should any section, paragraph, sentence, clause, or phrase of this regulation be declared unconstitutional or invalid for any reason, the remainder of said regulation shall not be affected thereby.