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S.C. Regulation 61-42
Sanitation of Schools.

Section I. PURPOSE

The purpose of this regulation is to ensure that every school facility in South Carolina is operated in such a manner so as to prevent health hazards to the pupils, faculty and patrons of the school, and to provide basic criteria by which existing or new facilities may be evaluated. Each section sets forth minimum requirements, but is not intended to be the exclusive basis for determining whether schools are being operated in a sanitary and healthful manner. This regulation shall apply to all elementary and secondary schools, whether public, private, religious or secular. Existing schools, however, shall not be required to install additional toilet or custodial rooms and fixtures, ventilation equipment, or drinking fountains in order to comply with this regulation.


The following definitions shall apply in the interpretation and enforcement of this regulation:

A. APPROVED means approval by the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.

B. CLASSROOM means all rooms in which classes are routinely held for instructional purposes or studying.

C. HEALTH AUTHORITY means authorized representative of the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.

D. EXISTING SCHOOL means any facility which has been operated as a school for any part of the year prior to the adoption of this regulation, or a facility approved for construction prior to the adoption of this regulation.

E. GANG TOILET means a school toilet room equipped with multiple plumbing fixtures.

F. NEW SCHOOL means any newly constructed school building or any portion of an existing school which is to undergo major structural changes, such as the addition of classrooms, toilets, lavatories, showers, custodial rooms and drinking fountains after the effective date of this regulation.

G. PERSON means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, board of trustees or other entity.

H. PRIVATE or INDEPENDENT SCHOOL means a school established by an entity other than the state or its subdivisions, supported primarily through tuition and/or private contributions, gifts, donations, etc., and the operation of its programs rests with administrators and officials not publicly elected or appointed by elected officials.

I. PUBLIC SCHOOL means a school supported by public funds and operated by publicly elected or appointed school officials where the programs and activities are under the control of these officials.

J. RELOCATABLE CLASSROOM UNIT means any unit used as a classroom, portable in design, whether or not wheels and axles are attached.

K. SCHOOL means:

1. Elementary School-combination of grades kindergarten through eight.

2. Middle School-combination of grades five through eight.

3. Junior High School-combination of grades seven-eight, seven-nine, or eight-nine.

4. Senior High School-combination of grades seven-twelve, eight-twelve, nine-twelve, ten-twelve, or eleven-twelve.

5. Any combination of Items 1. through 4. above.

L. SCHOOL BUILDING means any structure or enclosure operated and maintained for the benefit or use of the pupils, faculty, and patrons of the school.

M. SCHOOLGROUND means that portion or portions of land which contain all the real school property or that portion thereof being used for school activities or functions.

N. SHALL means the item or condition discussed is mandatory.

O. SHOULD or MAY means the item or condition discussed is preferred but not mandatory.


Pursuant to Regulations of the State Department of Education, plans and specifications for public school buildings submitted to and approved by the State Superintendent of Education or his agent are exempt from plan approval by the Health Authority. Private and independent schools shall comply with the following:

A. No private or independent school board of trustees (or any other responsible group should this term not apply) shall build a new school building, secure any existing building for school purposes, or enter into contract to construct new or remodel an existing school until complete plans and specifications for all structural, equipment and facilities, as outlined in this regulation, have received written approval by the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control. Thereafter, such plans must be substantially adhered to unless proposed changes receive written approval by the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.

B. All plans and specifications shall be prepared by a professional architect or engineer licensed to practice in the State of South Carolina.

C. Plumbing, mechanical and electrical portions of all plans and specifications referred to in Paragraphs A. and B. of Section III. shall bear the seal and signature of a professional engineer registered in the State of South Carolina.


A. System

1. A safe and potable supply of water shall be provided from a source and system approved by the Health Authority.

2. All water supply plumbing inside a school building shall be sized, installed and maintained in accordance with applicable state and local plumbing laws, ordinances and regulations, or the Standard Plumbing Code, whichever is more stringent.

3. The water supply shall be protected from contamination throughout the system.

4. If hot water is provided for handwashing facilities other than in food service areas, it shall not exceed 110 degrees Fahrenheit.


A. School sewage shall discharge into an approved public collection, treatment and disposal system, where available. When the use of an individual on-site sewage treatment and disposal system is necessary, it shall be installed in accordance with Regulation 61-56 and related standards.

B. All sewer plumbing inside a school building shall be sized, installed and maintained in accordance with applicable state and local plumbing laws, ordinances and regulations, or the Standard Plumbing Code, whichever is more stringent.


A. Location

1. At least one gang toilet room for each sex shall be provided on each floor level and in no case shall a gang toilet room be located at a distance greater than four hundred feet from a classroom or other activity room when individual classroom toilet facilities are not provided.

2. Individual classroom toilet facilities, including a minimum of one water closet and one lavatory shall be provided for kindergarten through grade two. Lavatories may be omitted from the toilet room if there is a handwashing sink within close proximity.

B. Construction

1. Floors, walls and ceilings shall be constructed of easily cleanable material.

2. Floors in gang toilets and showers shall be sloped to drain.

3. Doors may be omitted from gang toilet rooms, provided privacy can be maintained.

4. Carpeting is prohibited in toilet rooms and showers.

C. Plumbing and Ventilation

1. The ratio of toilet fixture units per pupil shall be determined by the total design enrollment, excluding individual classroom and gymnasium toilet room fixtures. Fixtures in gang toilets serving auditoriums or gymnasiums may be included in the fixture ratios if available to students and located within the maximum distance required.

2. Minimum fixture ratios shall be provided in gang toilets and showers as follows:




: Gang Toilets : : Gymnasiums


: Boys : Girls : : Boys : Girls


Water Closets : 1:90 : 1:30 : : 1:60 : 1:20


Lavatories : 1:60 : 1:60 : : 1:40 : 1:40


Urinals : 1:45 : : : 1:30 :


Shower : : : : 1:4 : 1:4

Heads--Physical : : : : [FN**] : [FN**]



Shower : : : : 1:4 : 1:4

Heads--Athletics : : : : [FN**] : [FN**]

: : : : :


[FN*] The next higher number of fixtures shall be installed if the fraction

calculated in the fixture count is three-tenths or larger.

[FN**] Based on maximum number of students enrolled in the largest class

utilizing those facilities at any one time.


3. Toilets shall be of the flush-valve type. Toilet seats for grades three and above shall be of the open-front type, and toilet bowls shall be of elongated front design.

4. Each gang toilet room shall be provided with at least one hose bibb equipped with an approved vacuum breaker.

5. Toilet facilities in new schools shall be mechanically ventilated to the outside air.

6. Lavatories in new school gymnasiums and all showers in new or existing school gymnasiums shall be provided with hot and cold water under pressure. Hot water temperature shall not exceed 110 degrees Fahrenheit.

D. Sanitation

1. Dressing, toilet and shower rooms, and fixtures therein, shall be kept clean and in good repair.

2. Water under pressure shall be provided to all lavatories, water closets, urinals and showers.

3. Toilet tissue, soap, and approved towels shall be readily available or provided and dispensed in a sanitary manner. Electric hand dryers may be used in lieu of towels.

4. A watertight, nonabsorbent waste container shall be provided in each lavatory area where disposable towels are used.


A. Based on design enrollment, drinking fountains shall be furnished at the ratio of 1:150 pupils.

B. Drinking fountains shall be kept clean and maintained in good working order.

C. Common drinking cups shall be prohibited.


A.1. Floors not carpeted shall be smooth and easily cleanable.

2. Walls shall be constructed of easily cleanable material.

B. Sanitation

1. All floors, walls and ceilings shall be kept clean and in good repair.

2. Carpeting, where used, shall be kept in good condition and firmly attached to the floor.

3. Broken window panes shall be replaced.


A. Artificial Lighting Fixtures

1. All rooms, halls, corridors, or any other area not receiving sufficient natural light to meet illumination recommendations set forth in the chart in Item 2. below shall be equipped with artificial light.

2. The illumination levels shown in the chart below are recommended minimum initial design levels.


: Recommended :

Type of Interior Areas : Minimum Initial : Remarks

: Design Level :

: [FN*] :


All interior areas other than listed : 70 foot-candles : Multipurpose

below : : rooms and

: : auditorium

: : stages need 70

: : foot-candles

: : at full bright

: : dimmer

: : setting.


Industrial art, prevocational or : 100 foot-candles :

Trade and Industrial shops, : :

laboratory and lecture room : :

demonstration areas, and task : :

lighting areas : :


Administration and office areas and : 50 foot-candles :

gymnasiums : :


Cafeterias and commons, stairways, : 30 foot-candles : Auditorium

and auditorium seating areas : : seating areas

: : need 30

: : foot-candles

: : at full bright

: : dimmer

: : setting.


Corridors, toilet areas, gym : 25 foot-candles :

dressing rooms, storage rooms and : :

boiler, mechanical or electrical : :

equipment rooms : :


B. Sanitation--Lighting fixtures shall be kept clean and in good repair.


School kitchens and lunchrooms shall be constructed, equipped, operated and maintained as required by Regulation 61-25 governing Food Service Establishments.


If custodial rooms are provided, they shall be:

A. Conveniently located to toilet, locker and shower rooms.

B. Provided with either a service sink and floor drain, or a floor receptor, both of which shall be supplied with hot and cold water through a mixing faucet equipped with a threaded hose bibb and vacuum breaker.

C. Adequately ventilated to prevent odors and excessive condensation.

D. Secured to prevent entry by unauthorized persons.


A. In all schools, a health room is strongly recommended and, where possible, it should be equipped and staffed as follows:

1. A toilet room with a minimum of one water closet and one lavatory.

2. A cot or bed with waterproof or water-resistant covering, with at least two changes of single-service or clean linen bed covers.

3. A standard 16-unit first-aid kit or equivalent.

4. At least one full-time staff member or volunteer certified in both American Red Cross first-aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training, and capable of recognizing symptoms of distress.

B. Sanitation

1. The health room and furnishings shall be kept clean and in good repair.

2. Bed covers shall be changed after each use.


School swimming pools and other bathing areas shall be constructed, equipped, operated and maintained as required by Regulation 61-51 governing Public Swimming Pools and Regulation 61-50 governing Natural Bathing Areas.


A. Equipment

Watertight refuse containers with tight-fitting lids or bulk refuse containers sufficient in size and number to accommodate wastes shall be provided for storage until removed from the premises.

B. Sanitation

1. Areas where garbage containers and/or dumpsters are located shall be kept clean.

2. Refuse shall be removed from the premises as frequently as necessary to prevent excessive accumulation.


A. Vector Control--Conditions which attract, breed or harbor insects, rodents or other vermin shall be prevented or abated.

B. Storage Room or Cabinet--A lockable storage room or cabinet shall be provided for the exclusive storage of all poisonous materials. All pesticides stored on the school premises shall be kept in a locked area.


Classroom, athletic, gymnasium, vocational education equipment and furnishings as well as playground equipment shall be maintained to protect the public's health by preventing hazards to students' health.


All new and existing schools must comply with Regulation 61-86 governing Friable Asbestos Materials in Schools.


A. Inspections

1. The Health Authority shall conduct inspections to determine the condition of schools for the purpose of safeguarding the health of pupils, faculty and patrons of the school.

2. Upon completion of the inspection, a copy of the completed inspection report stating violations found and compliance dates shall be furnished to the school principal, his authorized representative, District Superintendent, or County School Board.

3. When an inspection of a school is made, it shall be conducted thoroughly and completely, and must accurately reflect the sanitary conditions at the time of the inspection. Specific findings shall be recorded on the appropriate inspection report.

4. When the Health Authority discovers major violations of items of this regulation, a second inspection shall be made after a lapse of time as deemed necessary for the violations to be corrected. If, upon a subsequent inspection of the school, the Health Authority finds that the violations have not been substantially corrected, a written notice shall be provided to the District School Board and the District Superintendent, stating that repeat violations of the same items on a third inspection shall necessitate immediate legal action.

5. In addition to the notice of repeat violation, an informal meeting will be scheduled with school officials, the Health Authority (local and Central Office health officials), and other interested persons. This meeting will be to discuss the violations and the reason(s) for noncompliance, and to agree on appropriate and reasonable steps to achieve compliance.

6. All private and independent schools, whether new school buildings, additions to or renovations of existing school buildings, or buildings used for school purposes, shall be inspected and approved by the Health Authority prior to use.

B. Access

The Health Authority shall be permitted to enter and inspect any school at any reasonable time to determine compliance with this regulation.

C. Enforcement Provisions

This regulation is issued under the authority of Title 44 of the Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1976, as amended, and shall be enforced by the Health Authority.

D. Penalties

Violations of this regulation shall be punishable in accordance with Section 44-1-150, 1976 Code of Laws of South Carolina, and each day of continued violation shall be a separate offense.

E. Repeal Provisions

At the time of the adoption of this regulation, all regulations and parts of regulations in conflict with this regulation are hereby repealed.

F. Unconstitutionality Clause

Should any chapter, paragraph, sentence, clause or phrase of this regulation be declared unconstitutional or invalid for any reason, the remainder of said regulation shall not be affected thereby.