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Environmental Quality Control (EQC)

Congaree River Sediment Cleanup

Assessment & Cleanup

Cleanup Alternatives

Based on the site assessment and potential exposure risk from direct skin contact with the tar-like material (TLM), further action is justified in the affected area of the river to protect human health and the environment. Four cleanup alternatives for the sediments and soils have been evaluated based on the following seven criteria:

  1. Protection of human health and the environment,
  2. Compliance with state and federal regulations,
  3. Reduction of contamination mass, volume and toxicity,
  4. Short-term effectiveness,
  5. Long-term effectiveness,
  6. Implementability, and
  7. Cost.
Table 1 below describes each cleanup alternative and its estimated cost. Table 2 shows a comparison of the four alternatives based on the seven criteria.
Table 1 - Cleanup Alternatives Evaluated by DHEC & Estimated Cost
1. No Action Leave the TLM in place. This option is primarily used as a baseline for comparison with other options. Estimated Cost: $0.00
2. Monitoring and Institutional Controls Leave the TLM in place and restrict access to the area by placing signs in and along the river and installing a chain link fence along the eastern shoreline. 30-year annual monitoring of sediment conditions in and downstream of the affected area would be performed to detect any movement of the TLM. Estimated Cost: $677,000.00
3. Sediment Capping and Institutional Controls Leave the TLM in place and "cap" it with a physical barrier on top of the sediment. The barrier would be designed to withstand routine flooding and would most likely include a geotextile fabric overlaid by riprap stone. Institutional controls and monitoring similar to Alternative 2 would be included. Estimated Cost: $7,681,000.00
4. Removal of the TLM and Impacted Sediments Physically remove the TLM from the river. This option would include construction of a temporary dam and dewatering of the affected area so that the TLM and sediments could be removed and taken to a licensed off-site facility for disposal. The ecological environment would be restored upon completion. Estimated Cost: $18,529,089.00
Table 2 - Removal Action Alternative Summary Table
Criteria Alternative 1

No Action
Alternative 2

Monitoring and Institutional Controls
Alternative 3

Sediment Capping and Institutional Controls
Alternative 4

Removal of Impacted Sediment with
Off-Site Disposal
Overall Protection of Human Health and the Environment Least Acceptable Fair to Moderate Acceptability Moderate to Good Acceptability Most Acceptable
Compliance with ARARs* Least Acceptable Fair to Moderate Acceptability Moderate to Good Acceptability Most Acceptable
Short-Term Effectiveness Fair to Moderate Acceptability Fair to Moderate Acceptability Fair to Moderate Acceptability Least Acceptable
Long-Term Effectiveness and Permanence Least Acceptable Fair to Moderate Acceptability Moderate to Good Acceptability Most Acceptable
Reduction of Toxicity, Mobility or Volume through Treatment Least Acceptable Least Acceptable Moderate to Good Acceptability Most Acceptable
Implementability Most Acceptable Moderate to Good Acceptability Fair to Moderate Acceptability Least Acceptable
Cost Most Acceptable Moderate to Good Acceptability Fair to Moderate Acceptability Least Acceptable
Overall Summary Least Acceptable Fair to Moderate Acceptability Moderate to Good Acceptability Most Acceptable
Legend:
Least Acceptable - least acceptable
Fair to Moderate Acceptability - fair to moderate acceptability

Moderate to Good Acceptability - moderate to good acceptability
Most Acceptable - most acceptable

* Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements (ARARs) are used to develop remedial action objectives, determine the appropriate extent of site cleanup, and govern implementation and operation of the seleceted remedial action.


For questions or additional information about this webpage, please contact Donna Moye, DHEC Public Participation Coordinator, at (803) 896-4281, or by e-mail at moyedd@dhec.sc.gov.