Children, even those without pre-existing illness or chronic conditions, are susceptible
to air pollution because their lungs are still developing, and they are often engaged
in vigorous outdoor activities, making them more sensitive to pollution than healthy
adults. Studies have shown that in children, particulate pollution is associated
with increased episodes of coughing and difficulty breathing, and decreased lung
Levels of pollutants that might not affect healthy people might cause breathing
difficulties for people with asthma or other chronic lung diseases, especially children.
Individuals with emphysema and chronic bronchitis may also experience a worsening
of their conditions because of exposure to dust and smoke. Studies have linked particulate
matter pollution to increased risk of these conditions.
People with heart disease might also experience symptoms such as shortness of breath
or chest tightness. Studies have also linked particulate pollution to increased
risk of hospitalizations for cardiovascular disease, heart attacks, and cardiovascular