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Diabetes Prevention & Control

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes:
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes:
Maintaining a Healthy Weight (WMV)

Diabetes Prevention

You Can Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Am I At Risk?

These simple questions will help you determine your risk for having pre-diabetes or diabetes:

  • Are you less than 43 years of age AND overweight according to the “At Risk Weight Chart” below?
  • Have you ever developed diabetes during pregnancy?
  • Are you 43-56 years old AND
    • Any other race/ethnicity than Caucasian?
    • Your mother, father, sister(s) or brother(s) have diabetes?
    • You have high blood pressure?
    • Are you more than 56 years of age

One “YES” puts you at risk for diabetes.  Talk to your doctor about getting tested.



At Risk Weight Chart

Height in feet and inches without shoes
Weight in pounds without clothing




148 lbs.


153 lbs.


158 lbs.


164 lbs.


169 lbs.


175 lbs.


180 lbs.


186 lbs.


192 lbs.


198 lbs.




203 lbs.


209 lbs.


216 lbs.


222 lbs.


228 lbs.


235 lbs.


241 lbs.


248 lbs.


254 lbs.

If you weigh the same or more than the amount listed for your height, you may be at risk for diabetes.

Prevention Links National Diabetes Education Program More Than 50 Ways to Prevent Diabetes! Tips to Maintain a Healthy Weight! You Don’t Have to Knock Yourself Out to Prevent Diabetes

Studies show that people at high risk for type 2 diabetes can prevent or delay the disease if they lose as little as 10 pounds—by walking 30 minutes 5 days a week and making healthy food choices. Keep in mind that small steps can lead to big rewards.

Use these tips for ideas to move more and make healthy food choices.

Take your first step today!

  • Step 1: Move More.
  • Step 2: Make Healthy Food Choices.
  • Step 3: Start Your Game Plan to Prevent Diabetes.

Step 1 Move More.

Plan to get at least 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days each week to help you lose weight. You can get this amount in small ways throughout the day. If you have not been active, talk to your doctor and start slowly to build up to your goal.

Here are some ideas to fit more physical activity into your day.

  • Park your car farther away from stores, movie theaters, or your office.
  • Use TV breaks to stretch, take a quick walk around your home, do some sit-ups, or march in place.
  • Get your friends and family involved. Set a standing walking date. Or do something that everyone enjoys—shoot hoops, take a bike ride, or line dance.
  • Walk during your lunch break
  • Deliver a message to a co-worker in person instead of by email. Take the stairs to your office instead of the elevator.

Step 2 Make Healthy Food Choices.

Choose foods that are low in fat, sugar, and calories to help you lose weight. Limit portion sizes.

Start today to:

  • Eat a variety of colorful vegetables and fruits.
  • Choose whole grain foods—whole wheat bread and crackers, oatmeal, brown rice, and cereals.
  • Lower fat intake—broil or bake poultry, meats, and fish instead of frying.
  • Lighten your recipes by using nonfat or low-fat milk, yogurt, cheese, sour cream, cream cheese, or mayonnaise. Use cooking spray instead of oil.
  • Avoid getting too hungry by eating a healthy snack between meals.
  • Do not keep chips, cookies, or candy in your home. Instead, for snacks have raw vegetables, fruit, low-fat or nonfat yogurt, or a handful of nuts, pumpkinseeds, or sunflower seeds.
  • Choose water to drink.

Step 3 Start Your GAME PLAN to Prevent Diabetes.

The key to losing weight and preventing diabetes is to make long-term changes that work for you—every day.

Taking these steps is a great way to get started.

Adapted from the National Diabetes Education Program, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention