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Injury & Violence Prevention

Injury Surveillance Systems

All Injury Surveillance
SurveillanceThe Surveillance System seeks to improve the knowledge about the magnitude, the causes, and the predisposing factors of injury. This system focuses on all injuries in South Carolina. The division acquires the data from: Office of Research and Statistics (ORS) of SC Budget and control Board (provide hospital data) and Office of Public Health Statistics and Information System of SC Department of Health and Environmental Control (provide death data). These systems made possible through grant from Center of Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). The system provides data to CDC for SC Status of Injury Data Report 2010. This publication includes statistics for several causes of injury for 30 states. The Division generates SC Injury County Profile report every other year.

Traumatic Brain Injury Surveillance
This part of the surveillance system focus on Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), which is damage to the skull and/or the brain due to an external physical force, or to the absence of essentials such as heat or oxygen.

In September 1995, the Injury Prevention Division in the Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) and the University of South Carolina Department of Family and Preventive Medicine (USC FPM) received federal assistance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to enhance the existing population based traumatic brain injury surveillance systems. The system continues to be funded by CDC and currently partners with the South Carolina Department of Disability and Special Needs (SC DDSN), the South Carolina Budget and Control Board, Office of Research and Statistics (ORS), and the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC).

The system acquires data from statewide hospital records, vital records, and data abstracted from coroners’ reports. The data is used to plan, implement and evaluate prevention programs.

Data Abstraction
TBI Data Abstraction occurs in the emergency department (ED).  Data abstraction is the process of extracting information from the medical records, which is not available in the hospital data acquired from the ORS. The additional information gained through abstraction helps in finding other factors affecting TBI in the ED.  The abstraction is done on a representative sample of the state.  The Division has developed a Data Abstraction Procedure Manual (pdf), which can be used as a template to develop data abstraction programs.