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South Carolina Health Alert Network


1. General information
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that is found mostly in the rainforest countries of central and west Africa. The disease is called “monkeypox” because it was first discovered in laboratory monkeys in 1958. Blood tests of animals in Africa later found evidence of monkeypox infection in various rodent species. The virus that causes monkeypox was recovered from an African squirrel, which may be the natural host. Laboratory studies showed that the virus could also infect rats, mice, and rabbits.

2. Basic Monkeypox references
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ( maintains a web page devoted exclusively to monkeypox ( which includes excellent technical documents about the disease. Links are provided below to these documents, selected from the several dozen available, as useful for persons, including health care professionals, looking for a rapid, basic orientation to monkeypox.

Information for the General Public
Information for Health Professionals

3. More Information About Monkeypox

4. Monkeypox Reporting
Physicians and health care facilities should report suspected monkeypox cases to their local county health department.