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2004 BRFSS ANNUAL SURVEY RESULTS
2004 BRFSS TOPICS                                                                                                

CDC CORE SECTIONS:

 HEALTH STATUS  HEALTHY DAYS
 HEALTH CARE ACCESS  EXERCISE
 ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS  EXCESS SUN EXPOSURE
 TOBACCO USE  ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
 ASTHMA  DIABETES
 ORAL HEALTH  IMMUNIZATION
 VETERAN STATUS WOMEN'S HEALTH
 PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING
 FAMILY PLANNING DISABILITY
HIV/AIDS FIREARMS
CREATED VARIABLES FOR OBESITY


CDC OPTIONAL MODULES:    
                                       Back to topics

DIABETES HEALTHY DAYS
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE SMOKING CESSATION
ARTHRITIS BURDEN ARTHRITIS MANAGEMENT
REACTIONS TO RACE  

STATE ADDED QUESTIONS:                                    Back to topics

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY NEIGHBORHOOD
PHYSICAL AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE SMOKING CESSATION
EPILPSEY AND SEIZURE  

RISK FACTORS AND DERIVED VARIABLES (Located within the corresponding section)

CDC CORE SECTIONS:

HEALTH STATUS
Would you say in general that your health is excellent, very good, good, fair or poor?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Risk factor for fair and poor health

HEALTHY DAYS                                                                         Back to topics
Now thinking about your physical health, which includes physical illness and injury, for how many days during the past 30 days was your physical health not good?
Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good?
During the past 30 days, for about how many days did poor physical or mental health keep you from doing your usual activities, such as self-care, work or recreation?

HEALTH CARE ACCESS                                                          Back to topics
Do you have any kind of health care coverage, including health insurance, prepaid plans such as HMOS, or government plans such as Medicare?
Do you have one person you think of as your personal doctor or health care provider?
Was there a time in the past 12 months when you needed to see a doctor but could not because of cost?

EXERCISE                                                                                   Back to topics
During the past month, other than your regular job, did you participate in any physical activities or exercises such as running, calisthenics, golf, gardening, or walking for exercise?

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS                                                Back to topics
In the past 12 months have you had an illness or symptoms that you think was caused by something in the air inside a home, office, or other building?
In the past 12 months have you had an illness or symptom that you think was caused by pollution in the air outdoors?

EXCESS SUN EXPOSURE                                                          Back to topics
The next question is about sunburns including anytime that even a small part of your skin was red for more than 12 hours. Have you had a sunburn within the past 12 months?
Including times when even a small part of your skin was red for more than 12 hours, how many sunburns have you had within the past 12 months?

TOBACCO USE                                                                              Back to topics
Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life?
Do you know smoke cigarettes every day, some days or not at all?
During the past 12 months, have you stopped smoking for one day or longer because you were trying to quit smoking?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Four level computed smoking status
      Risk factor for smoking

ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION                                                      Back to topics
During the past 30 days, how many days per week or per month did you have at least one drink of any alcoholic beverage?
On days when you drank, about how many drinks did you drink on the average?
Considering all types of alcoholic beverages, how many times during the past 30 days did you have 5 or more drinks on an occasion?
During the past 30 days, how many times have you driven when you’ve had perhaps too much to drink?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Risk factor for respondents having had at least one drink of alcohol in the past 30 days.
      At risk for binge drinking.
      Alcoholic Beverages Consumed per Month.
      At risk for heavy alcohol consumption
      Heavy Drinking Among Men
      Heavy Drinking Among Women

ASTHMA                                                                                        Back to topics
Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you had asthma?
Do you still have asthma?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Asthma status

DIABETES                                                                                        Back to topics
Have you ever been told by a doctor that you have diabetes?

ORAL HEALTH                                                                               Back to topics
How long has it been since you last visited a dentist or dental clinic for any reason?
How many of your permanent teeth have been removed because of tooth decay or gum disease? Do not include teeth lost for other reasons, such as injury or orthodontics. Include teeth lost due to infection.
How long has it been since you had your teeth cleaned by a dentist or dental hygienist?
     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Risk factor for having had permanent teeth extracted.
      Risk factor for having all permanent teeth extracted.
      Risk factor for having visited a dentist, dental hygienist or dental clinic in the past year

IMMUNIZATION                                                                            Back to topics
During the past 12 months, have you had a flu shot?
During the past 12 months, have you had a flu vaccine that was sprayed into your nose?
Have you ever had a pneumonia shot? This shot is usually given only once or twice in a person’s lifetime and is different from the flu shot. It is also called the pneumocoocal vaccine.

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Risk factor for respondents aged 65 or older that did not have a flu shot within the past 12 months.
      Risk factor for respondents aged 65 or older that have never had a pneumonia shot.

VETERAN STATUS                                                                      Back to topics
Have you ever served on active duty in the United State Armed Forces, either in the regular military or in a National Guard or Military Reserve Unit?
Which of the following best describes your service in the United States Military?
In the last 12 months have you received some or all of your health care from VA facilities?

WOMEN'S HEALTH                                                                    Back to topics
Have you ever had a mammogram?
How long has it been since you had your last mammogram?
Have you ever had a clinical breast exam?
How long has it been since your last breast exam?
Have you ever had a pap test?
How long has it been since you had your last pap test?
Have you had a hysterectomy?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Risk factor for women over 40 years of age that have not had a mammogram in the past two years.
      Risk factor for women 18 years and older that have not had a pap test in the past three years.

PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING                                           Back to topics
Have you ever had a PSA test?
How long has it been since you had your last PSA test?
Have you ever had a digital rectal exam?
How long has it been since your last digital rectal exam?
Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you had prostate cancer?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Risk factor for male respondents over 40 years of age that have not had a PSA in the past 2 years.

COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING                                       Back to topics
A blood stool test is a test that may use a special kit at home to determine whether the stool contains blood. Have you ever had this test using a home kit?
How long has it been since you had your last blood stool test using a home kit?
Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are exams in which a tube is inserted into the rectum to view the colon for signs of cancer or other health problems. Have you ever had either of these exams?
How long has it been since you had your last sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Risk factor for respondents over 50 years of age that have not had a blood stool test within the past two years.
      Risk factor for respondents over 50 years of age that have never had a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy.

FAMILY PLANNING                                                                           Back to topics
How do you feel about having a child sometime in the future?
How soon would you want to have a child?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Birth control use to prevent pregnancy among male respondents aged 18-59 and females aged 18-44.
      Birth Control method type for all men and women of reproductive age.
      Main reason for non-use of family planning among men and women at risk of pregnancy.

DISABILITY                                                                                           Back to topics
Are you limited in any way in any activities because of physical, mental, or emotional problems?
Do you now have any health problem that requires you to use special equipment, such as a cane, a wheelchair, a special bed or a special telephone? Include occasional use or use in certain circumstances.

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Created variable for disability status

HIV/AIDS                                                                                                Back to topics
I am going to read two statements about HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. After I read each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false, or if you do not know. A pregnant woman with HIV can get treatment to help reduce the chances that she will pass the virus on to her baby.
I am going to read two statements about HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. After I read each one, please tell me whether you think it is true or false, or if you do not know. There are medical treatments available that are intended to help a person who is infected with HIV to live longer.

Have you ever been tested for HIV? Do not count tests you may have had as part of a blood donation.
In the past 12 months, how many times have you been tested for HIV, including times you did not get your results?
Not including blood donations, in what month and year was your last HIV test? Include saliva tests.
I am going to read you a list of reasons why some people have been tested for HIV. No including blood donations, which of these would you say was the main reason for your last HIV test?
Where did you have your last HIV test- at a private doctor or HMO office, at a counseling and testing site, at a hospital, at a clinic, in a jail or prison, at home or somewhere else?
What type of clinic did you go to for your last HIV test?
Was this test done by a nurse or other health worker, or with a home testing kit?
I am going to read you a list. When I am done, please tell me if any of the situations apply to you.: You have used intravenous drugs in the past year. You have been treated for a sexually transmitted or venereal disease in the past year. You have given or received money or drugs in exchange for sex in the past year. You had anal sex without a condom in the past year. Do any of these situations apply to you?
In the past 12 months has a doctor, nurse or other health professional talked to you about preventing sexually transmitted diseases through condom use?

FIREARMS                                                                                        Back to topics
Are any firearms kept in or around your home?
Are any of these firearms now loaded?
Are any of these loaded firearms also unlocked?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Risk factor for respondents living in a home with a loaded firearm.
      Risk factor for respondents living in a home with a loaded and unlocked firearm.

RISK FACTOR / CREATED VARIABLES FOR OBESITY           Back to topics
      Four categories of Body Mass Index
      Risk factor for overweight or obese

CDC OPTIONAL MODULES                                 Back to topics

DIABETES
How old were you when you were told you have diabetes?
Are you now taking insulin?
Are you now taking diabetes pills?
About how often do you check your blood for glucose or sugar? Include times when checked by a family member or friend, but do not include times when checked by a health professional.
About how often do you check your feet for any sores or irritations? Include times when checked by a family member or friend, but do not include times when checked by a health professional.
Have you ever had any sores or irritations on your feet that took more than four weeks to heal?
About how many times in the last year have you seen a doctor, nurse, or other health professional for your diabetes?
A test for "A one C" measures the average level of blood sugar over the past three months. About how many times in the past 12 months has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional checked you for hemoglobin "A one C"?
About how many times in the past 12 months has a health professional checked your feet for any sores or irritations?
When was the last time you had an eye exam in which the pupils were dilated? This would have made you temporarily sensitive to bright light.
Has a doctor ever told you that diabetes has affected your eyes or that you had retinopathy?
Have you ever taken a course or class in how to manage your diabetes yourself?

HEALTHY DAYS                                                                                  Back to topics
During the past 30 days, for about how many days did pain make it hard for you to do your usual activities, such as self-care, work or recreation?
During the past 30 days, for about how many days have you felt sad, blue or depressed?
During the past 30 days, for about how many days have you felt worried, tense or anxious?
During the past 30 days, for about how many days have you felt you did not get enough rest or sleep?
During the past 30 days, for about how many days have you felt very healthy and full of energy?

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE                                                        Back to topics
To lower your risk of developing heart disease or stroke, are you…. eating fewer high fat or high cholesterol foods?
To lower your risk of developing heart disease or stroke, are you…eating more fruits and vegetables?
To lower your risk of developing heart disease or stroke, are you…more physically active?
Within the past 12 months, has a doctor, nurse or other health professional told you to…eat fewer high fat or high cholesterol foods?
Within the past 12 months, has a doctor, nurse or health professional told you to…eat more fruits and vegetables?
Within the past 12 months, has a doctor, nurse or other health professional told you to…be more physically active?
Has a doctor, nurse or other health professional ever told you that you had any of the following? A heart attack, also called a myocardial infraction.
Has a doctor, nurse or other health professional ever told you that you had any of the following? Angina or coronary heart disease.
Has a doctor, nurse or other health professional ever told you that you had any of the following? A stroke.
History of any cardiovascular diseases (heart attack or coronary heart disease or stroke)
At what age did you have your first heart attack?
At what age did you have your first stroke?
After you left the hospital following your (heart attack or stroke) did you go to any kind of outpatient rehabilitation? This is sometimes called “Rehab.”
Do you take aspirin daily or every other day?
Do you have a health problem or condition that makes taking aspirin unsafe for you?
Why do you take aspirin…to relieve pain?
Why do you take aspirin…to reduce the chance of a heart attack?
Why do you take aspirin…to reduce the chance of a stroke?

SMOKING CESSATION                                                                     Back to topics
About how long has it been since you last smoked cigarettes regularly?
In the last 12 months, how many times have you seen a doctor, nurse or other health professional to get any kind of care for yourself?
In the last 12 months, on how many visits were you advised to quit smoking by a doctor or other health provider?
On how many visits did your doctor, nurse or other health professional recommend to discuss medication to assist you with quitting smoking, such as nicotine gum, patch, nasal spray, inhaler, lozenge, or prescription medication such as Wellbutrin/ Zyban/ Bupropion?
On how many visits did your doctor or health provider recommend or discuss methods and strategies other than medication to assist you with quitting smoking?

ARTHRITIS BURDEN                                                                      Back to topics
The next questions refer to your joints. Please do not include the back or neck. During the past 30 days, have you had any symptoms of pain, aching or stiffness in or around a joint?
Did your joint symptoms fist begin more than 3 months ago?
Have you ever seen a doctor or other health professional for these joint symptoms?
Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus or fibromyalgia?
Are you limited in any way in any of your usual activities because of arthritis or joint symptoms?
In this next question, we are referring to work for pay. Do arthritis or joint symptoms now affect whether you work, the type or work you do or the amount of work you do?

ARTHRITIS MANAGEMENT                                                         Back to topics
Thinking about your arthritis or joint symptoms, which of the following best describes you today?
Has a doctor or other health professional ever suggested losing weight to help with your arthritis or joint symptoms?
Has a doctor or other health professional ever suggested physical activity or exercise to help your arthritis or joint symptoms?
Have you ever taken an educational course or class to teach you how to manage problems related to your arthritis or joint symptoms?

REACTIONS TO RACE                                                                    Back to topics
How do other people usually classify you in this country? Would you say White, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, American Indian or Alaska Native, Multiracial or some other group?
How often do you think about your race? Would you say:
Within the past 12 months at work, do you feel you were treated worse than, the same as, or better than, people of other races?
Within the past 12 months when seeking health care, do you feel your experiences were worse than, the same as, or better than for people of other races?
During the past 30 days, have you felt emotionally upset, for example angry, sad, or frustrated, as a result of how you were treated based on your race?
Within the past 30 days, have you experience any physical symptoms, for example headache, an upset stomach, tensing of your muscles, or a pounding heart, as a result of how you were treated based on your race?

STATE ADDED QUESTIONS                                     Back to topics

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY                                                                           Back to topics
When you are at work, which of the following best describes what you do?
Now thinking about moderate physical activities you do in a usual week, do you do moderate activities for at least 10 minutes at a time, such as brisk walking, bicycling, vacuuming, gardening, or anything else that causes some increase in breathing or heart rate?
How many days of the week do you do these moderate activities for at least 10 minutes at a time?
On days when you do moderate activities for at least 10 minutes at a time, how much total time per day do you spend doing these activities?
Now, thinking about the vigorous physical activities you do in a usual week, do you do vigorous activities for at least 10 minutes at a times, such as running, aerobics, heavy yard work, or anything else that causes large increases in breathing or heart rate?
How many days per week do you do these vigorous activities for at least 10 minutes at a time?
On days when you do vigorous activities for at least 10 minutes at a time, how much total time per day do you spend doing these activities?

     RISK FACTORS / CREATED VARIABLES
      Moderate Physical Activity
      Vigorous Physical Activity
      Physical Activity Recommendation Status

NEIGHBORHOOD                                                                               Back to topics
Does your neighborhood have any sidewalks?
For walking at night, does your neighborhood have adequate street lighting?
For physical activity, do you use any private or membership only recreation facilities?
Do you use walking trails, parks, playgrounds, and sports fields for physical activity?
Do you use shopping malls for physical activity and/or walking programs?

SMOKING CESSATION                                                                      Back to topics
In the past 12 months, did you do any of the following to help you stop smoking? Called a help line or quit line?

PHYSICAL AND SEXUALVIOLENCE                                               Back to topics
Within the past year, on any occasion were you hit, slapped, kicked, raped or otherwise physically hurt by a spouse, partner, ex-spouse or partner, boyfriend, girlfriend or date?
On the most recent occasion, where did the violence take place?
Has anyone ever had sex with you against your will or without your consent? This would include situations where verbal threats, coercion, physical force, or a weapon was used or you were not able to give consent for some reason.
Has anyone ever attempted to have sex with you against your will or without your consent, but intercourse/penetration did not occur? Again, this would include situations where verbal threats, coercion, physical force, or a weapon was used, or you were not able to give consent for some reason.
In the past 12 months,has anyone had or attempted to have sex with you against your will or consent?
Did the most recent experience involve someone you know or a stranger?

EPILEPSY AND SEIZURE                                                                          Back to topics
Have you ever been told by a doctor that you have a seizure disorder or epilepsy?
Are you currently taking any medicine to control your seizure disorder or epilepsy?
How many seizures have you had in the last three months?
In the past year, have you seen a neurologist or epilepsy specialist for your epilepsy or seizure disorder?
During the past 30 days, to what extent has epilepsy or its treatment interfered with your normal activities like working, school, or socializing with family or friends?

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For questions and comments on this site contact Jennifer Baker

Email:bakerjg@dhec.sc.gov
Phone number (803) 898-3209
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