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Bureau of Disease Control

Cholera

An outbreak of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1, serotype Ogawa, biotype El Tor is ongoing in Haiti. As of December 4th, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population reported a total of 93,222 hospital admissions and 2,120 deaths due to cholera.

Since the Haitian earthquake in January 2010 travel by U.S. citizens to and from Haiti has increased, many as part of disaster relief teams. As a result, we can expect that some travelers returning from Haiti may become symptomatic with cholera en route to, or shortly after arrival in South Carolina. We may also see cholera in people who have been in close contact with ill travelers returning from Haiti. Cholera does not spread easily in developed countries such as the U.S., but we want to be sure we do not miss any high-risk situations, like cholera in a food-handler, or clusters or outbreaks.

Links and documents on this page are intended to provide information related to the cholera outbreak in Haiti as well as provide guidance on clinical management, laboratory testing and case reporting of suspect cholera cases.

References and Resources