Cancer is a group of diseases in which abnormal cells in the body grow out of control. There are over 100 different types of cancer, all different diseases with different associated risk factors; not all are well understood. Cancer is one of the most common chronic diseases in United States, second only to heart disease as the leading cause of death. Cancer currently surpasses heart disease as the leading cause of death in South Carolina.
While many cancers are caused by lifestyle factors such as smoking and tobacco use, diet and lack of physical activity, there is an association between certain types of cancers and environmental factors which may increase their risk. The SC EPHT program collaborates with the SC Central Cancer Registry (SCCCR) to track and map this data and information.
The SCCCR is established by SC Code Section 44-35-10-100, the Central Cancer Registry Act. (http://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/t44c035.php)
All health care providers who diagnose and/or treat cancer are required to report newly diagnosed cancer cases to the SCCCR. Over 25,000 new cases are reported each year to be used for cancer prevention, control, surveillance, and research efforts in SC and beyond. The SCCCR data are 'graded' for excellence by CDC and NAACCR. The SCCCR is currently a Gold Certified Registry, the highest level that can be achieved.
Best Chance Network SC Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program
The Best Chance Network (BCN) program provides free breast and cervical cancer screening for South Carolina women who meet program eligibility requirements.
American Cancer Society Support and Treatment
Learn about making treatment decisions, coping with side effects, handling financial matters, care giving, and living well after cancer. Help is free.
South Carolina Cancer Alliance (SCCA)p>
The South Carolina Cancer Alliance offers easy to use pages where you will find resources and tools, and make connections with patients, survivors, colleagues and friends.
National Cancer Institute Cancer Causes and Prevention
Learn about the risk factors associated with cancer and what you can to do lower your risk of getting cancer.
Tracking and Mapping the Data
Use this interactive tool to choose cancer indicators and measures to generate maps, bar charts and trend lines.
Understanding how the data are collected, calculated, and interpreted.
Reducing Risk Factors
Primary cancer prevention consists of reducing risk factors. Some environmental risk factor exposures can be avoided such as smoking and breathing second hand smoke. Other factors such as a person's age, race, or genetics are predetermined. Having a risk factor does not necessarily mean that cancer will develop and many who get the disease may not have had any known risk factors whatsoever.
Making healthy lifestyle choices and taking precautions at home and in the workplace may also help reduce and/or prevent cancer such as:
- Quit smoking (or do not start) dipping, or chewing tobacco, and avoid secondhand smoke
- Eat a diet rich in fruits or vegetables
- Be physically active and maintain a healthy weight
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Protect your skin from the sun. Apply sunscreen, and wear protective clothing such as a hat, long-sleeved shirt and sunglasses
- Get regularly scheduled cancer screening tests as recommended for Men and Women. Your doctor can recommend when you should begin screening and how often.
- Discuss other precautions with your doctor to reduce risks of cancer, especially if there is a history of it in your family.
Secondary cancer prevention consists of detecting and treating precancerous conditions. The number of new cancer cases can be reduced, and many cancer deaths can be prevented by having regular cancer screening tests that can help detect cancer at an early stage, before symptoms appear. When cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat or cure.
It is important to remember that when your doctor suggests a screening test, it does not always mean he or she believes you have cancer. Screening tests are done even when you have no cancer symptoms.
- Additional Cancer Resources
- The South Carolina Central Cancer Registry (SCCCR)
- South Carolina Community Assessment Network (SCAN)
- Screenings for Women (Best Chance Network)
- Cancer Clusters
- Cancer Prevention and Control
- Common Terms
- Latest National Cancer Trends (NCI-CDC)
- Cancer Causes and Risk Factors (NCI-NIH)
- About Cancer (NCI-NLM)
- American Cancer Society
- South Carolina Cancer Alliance (SCCA)
- Environmental Public Health Tracking -Cancer (CDC)
- United States Cancer Statistics (CDC- USCS)
- North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR)
- USC Cancer Prevention and Control Program (CPCP)
- National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR)