Wood Working Operations
Wood working operation means any operation involving the generation of small wood waste particles (shavings, sanderdust, sawdust, etc.) by any kind of mechanical manipulation of wood or wood byproducts. It includes, but is not limited to, sawing, planing, chipping, shaping, moulding, hogging, lathing and sanding and all applicable control devices such as baghouses, cyclones, and portable dust collectors or any internal combustion engines that may be used to power the wood working equipment. Additionally, it covers any wood working waste transfer or collection units such as silos, cyclones, trailers, conveyors, etc. Some wood working facilities also conduct surface finishing. This permit also covers the surface finishing of woods and all applicable finishing materials, control devices such as paint booth filters, cartridges, etc, and dryers, burn-off and curing ovens that may be used during the drying process. Sources that conduct onsite lumber or chip drying prior to machining can not be permitted under this registration permit.
- Sources can only be fired on natural gas, propane, virgin No. 2 fuel oil, virgin diesel, Biodiesel that meets ASTM D6751or any other Department approved fuels. The use of any non-specification oil, hazardous waste, or any other waste chemical as a fuel or any addition of these items to the fuel shall not be allowed. External combustion sources shall be fired on low sulfur (0.05 wt% or less) diesel/No. 2 fuel oil and the diesel engines shall be fired on ultra low sulfur (0.0015 wt% or less) diesel.
- The maximum size for a single external combustion source burning fuels other than natural gas and propane is limited to 20 million BTU/hr heat input capacity.
- The maximum size for a single internal combustion source burning fuels other than natural gas and propane is limited to 600 hp mechanical power output and a displacement of <10 liters per cylinder.
- Facility wide potential to emit is less than any major source thresholds as defined in Title V, NSR, PSD, and Section 112.
- Option A: Use less than 2667 gallons per 12 month period of HAP containing materials used for surface coatings, touchup and repairs, washoff operations, cleaning, and any other surface finishing materials containing HAP
Option B: Facility-wide HAP emissions of less than 10 tons of any one hazardous air pollutant and less than 25 tons of any combination of hazardous air pollutants per 12-month periods.
The following wood working tools are exempt from the requirement to obtain a construction permit. However, they are subject to the applicable conditions as outlined in the Registration Permit for Wood Working Operations:
- Hand Sanders
- Hand Saws (chain saw, hand drills, etc.)
- Hand Distressing Tools (chisel, etc.)
- Equipment used for boring, notching, etc.
- Registration Permit Application for Wood Working Operations (Instructions)
- Wood Working Application Flowchart
If the operations covered by construction permits are located in one of the eight coastal counties of the Coastal Zone under DHEC-OCRM's jurisdiction (Beaufort, Berkeley, Charleston, Colleton, Dorchester, Georgetown, Horry and Jasper), then a coastal zone consistency certification may be required.
- Wood Working Emissions Estimator - Wood Waste: Calculates PM, PM10, and PM2.5 emissions using the amount of waste collected and the capture efficiency of waste collection devices.
- Wood Working Emissions Estimator - Wood Throughput: Calculates PM, PM10, and PM2.5 emissions from wood working equipment based on process throughput rates and emission factors.
- Wood Working Emission Estimator - Combustion: Calculates PM, PM10, PM2.5, VOC and NOx emissions from combustion sources using AP-42 emission factors.
- Wood Working Emissions Estimator - Surface Finishing: Calculates PM, PM10, PM2.5, VOC and HAP emissions from paints, solvents, glues, etc using a material balance.
- Wood Working Exemption Determination: Flowchart that helps a facility determine if they are exempt from the requirements to obtain a construction permit or if the Wood Working Registration Permit is needed.
Copy of the Permit:
Registration Permit for Wood Working Operations
**Note that these copies are provided for use by facilities that have already been granted coverage by the Bureau. Download and use of these permits does not constitute coverage.**
- 40 CFR 63 Subpart ZZZZ: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (RICE) [http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/icengines/index.html]
- 40 CFR 60 Subpart JJJJ: New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) - Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engines [http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/icengines/index.html]
- 40 CFR 60 Subpart IIII: New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) - Standards of Performance for Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines [http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/icengines/index.html
- 40 CFR 63 Subpart JJJJJJ: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Area Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers [http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/boiler/boilerpg.html]